NOMENCLATURA DE LA OMM DEL HIELO MARINO


GLOSSARIO ILUSTRADO - VOLUMEN II
WMO/OMM/ВМО - No.259 • Edición 1970 - 2017
Terminología del hielo ordenada por conceptos

1
0A.Tyuryakov, Russia, AARI
1.1.2 Hielo a la deriva (Drift ice / pack ice [en])
 
2
0Russia, AARI
1.2 Hielo de origen terrestre (Ice of land origin [en])
 
3
T.Suzuki, Japan
2.1.1 Cristales de hielo (Frazil ice [en])
 
4
600N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.1.2 Hielo grasoso (Grease ice [en])
 
5
T.C.Pullen,Canada
2.1.2 Hielo grasoso (Grease ice [en])
 
6
100Yurij Gavrilov, Russia, AARI, Russian Antarctic Expedition
2.1.2 Hielo grasoso (Grease ice [en])
 
7
600N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.1.3 Pasta o grumo (Slush [en])
 
8
K.S.Simpson,Canada
2.1.3 Pasta o grumo (Slush [en])
 
9
600Armed Forces,Canada
2.1.4 Shuga (Shuga [en])
 
10
J.A.Weaver,Canada
2.1.4 Shuga (Shuga [en])
 
11
V.Yanike, USSR
2.2.1 Nilas oscuros (Dark nilas [en])
 
12
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
2.2.1 Nilas oscuros (Dark nilas [en])
 
13
N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.2.2 Nilas oscuros (Light nilas [en])
 
14
V.Yanike, USSR
2.2.2 Nilas oscuros (Light nilas [en])
 
15
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
2.2.3 Costra de hielo (Ice rind [en])
 
16
T.Armstrong, Gt.Britain
2.2.3 Costra de hielo (Ice rind [en])
 
17
750Armed Forces,Canada
2.4.1 Hielo gris (Grey ice [en])
 
18
Defence Research Boat, Canada
2.4.1 Hielo gris (Grey ice [en])
 
19
300A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.4.2 Hielo gris-blanco (Grey-white ice [en])
 
20
Defence Research Boat, Canada
2.4.2 Hielo gris-blanco (Grey-white ice [en])
 
21
750Armed Forces,Canada
2.5.1 Hielo delgado del primer año (Thin first-year ice / white ice [en])
 
22
Defence Research Boat, Canada
2.5.1 Hielo delgado del primer año (Thin first-year ice / white ice [en])
 
23
1350Armed Forces,Canada
2.5.2 Hielo medio del primer año (Medium first-year ice [en])
 
24
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.5.2 Hielo medio del primer año (Medium first-year ice [en])
 
25
400V.S.Loshchilov, USSR
2.5.3 Hielo grueso del primer año (Thick first-year ice [en])
 
26
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.5.3 Hielo grueso del primer año (Thick first-year ice [en])
 
27
10000N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.6.2 Hielo del segundo año (Second-year ice [en])
 
28
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.6.2 Hielo del segundo año (Second-year ice [en])
 
29
300R.H.W.Hill, Canada
2.6.2 Hielo del segundo año (Second-year ice [en])
 
30
600Armed Forces,Canada
2.6.3 Hielo de varios años (Multi-year ice [en])
 
31
2000N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.6.3 Hielo de varios años (Multi-year ice [en])
 
32
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.6.3 Hielo de varios años (Multi-year ice [en])
 
33
1500Armed Forces,Canada
3.1 Hielo fijo (Fast ice [en])
 
34
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
3.1 Hielo fijo (Fast ice [en])
 
35
150U.S.Navy
3.1.1 Hielo costero joven (Young coastal ice [en])
 
36
1000Meteorological Agency, Japan
3.1.1 Hielo costero joven (Young coastal ice [en])
 
37
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
3.2 Pie de hielo (Icefoot [en])
 
38
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
3.2 Pie de hielo (Icefoot [en])
 
39
R.H.W.Hill, Canada
3.3 Hielo de fondo (Anchor ice [en])
 
40
100Defence Research Boat, Canada
3.4 Hielo varado (Grounded ice [en])
 
41
Armed Forces,Canada
3.4 Hielo varado (Grounded ice [en])
 
42
Hydrographic Service, Canada
3.4.1 Hielo encallado (Stranded ice [en])
 
43
500Hydrometeorological Inst., USSR
3.4.2 Monticulo varado (Grounded hummock [en])
 
44
USSR
3.4.2 Monticulo varado (Grounded hummock [en])
 
45
500Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.1 Hielo flotante compacto (Compact ice [en])
 
46
Meteorological Agency, Japan
4.2.1 Hielo flotante compacto (Compact ice [en])
 
47
200Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.1.1 Hielo flotante consolidado (Consolidated ice [en])
 
48
J.F.Hurley, Gt.Britain
4.2.1.1 Hielo flotante consolidado (Consolidated ice [en])
 
49
1000Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.2 Hielo flotante muy cerrado (Very close ice [en])
 
50
Hamburg, Germany (fed. Rep)
4.2.2 Hielo flotante muy cerrado (Very close ice [en])
 
51
300USSR
4.2.3 Hielo flotante cerrado (Close ice [en])
 
52
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
4.2.3 Hielo flotante cerrado (Close ice [en])
 
53
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.2.4 Hielo flotante abierto (Open ice [en])
 
54
B.Rodhe, Sweden
4.2.4 Hielo flotante abierto (Open ice [en])
 
55
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.2.5 Hielo flotante muy abierto (Very open ice [en])
 
56
F.Krugler, Germany (Fed. Rep)
4.2.5 Hielo flotante muy abierto (Very open ice [en])
 
57
600Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.6 Aguas libres (Open water [en])
 
58
600Hydrometeorological Inst., USSR
4.2.7 Aguas libres de hielo marino (Bergy water [en])
 
59
Inst. Low Temperature Science, Japan
4.3.1 Hielo panqueque (Pancake ice [en])
 
60
Antarctic Inst., Argentina
4.3.1 Hielo panqueque (Pancake ice [en])
 
61
12000Armed Forces,Canada
4.3.2.1 Bandejón gigante (Floe giant [en])
 
62
12000Armed Forces,Canada
4.3.2.2 Bandejón vasto (Floe vast [en])
 
63
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.3.2.2 Bandejón vasto (Floe vast [en])
 
64
12000Armed Forces,Canada
4.3.2.3 Bandejón grande (Floe big [en])
 
65
600Armed Forces,Canada
4.3.2.3 Bandejón grande (Floe big [en])
 
66
500Hydrometeorological Inst., USSR
4.3.2.4 Bandejón medio (Floe medium [en])
 
67
Hakodate Marine Observatory(JMA), Japan
4.3.2.4 Bandejón medio (Floe medium [en])
 
68
100Armed Forces,Canada
4.3.2.5 Bandejón chico (Floe small [en])
 
69
Meteorological Agency, Japan
4.3.2.5 Bandejón chico (Floe small [en])
 
70
250Hamburg, Germany (fed. Rep)
4.3.2.6 Torta (Ice cake [en])
 
71
Hydrographic Service, Canada
4.3.2.6 Torta (Ice cake [en])
 
72
600ARmed Forces,Canada
4.3.4 Tempanito marino (Floeberg [en])
 
73
Defence Research Boat, Canada
4.3.4 Tempanito marino (Floeberg [en])
 
74
500USSR
4.3.5 Brecha de hielo (Ice breccia [en])
 
75
600N.M.Shakirov, USSR
4.3.6 Escombro de hielo (Brash ice [en])
 
76
Meteorological Agency, Japan
4.3.6 Escombro de hielo (Brash ice [en])
 
77
1800Hakodate Marine Observatory(JMA), Japan
4.4.1 Campo de hielo (Ice field [en])
 
78
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.4.1.4 Manchón de hielo (Ice patch [en])
 
79
500Air Force, Finland
4.4.3 Faja de hielo (Belt [en])
 
80
Hamburg, Germany (fed. Rep)
4.4.3 Faja de hielo (Belt [en])
 
81
USSR
4.4.4 Lengua (Tongue [en])
 
82
1500H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.4.4 Lengua (Tongue [en])
 
83
300Armed Forces,Canada
4.4.5 Cinta de hielo (Strip [en])
 
84
R.N.Panzarini, Argentina
4.4.5 Cinta de hielo (Strip [en])
 
85
1500H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.4.6 Caleta (Bight [en])
 
86
USSR
4.4.6 Caleta (Bight [en])
 
87
300Armed Forces,Canada
4.4.7 Hielo apiñado (Ice jam [en])
 
88
500G.Tauber, USSR
4.4.8.1 Borde compacto del hielo (Compacted ice edge [en])
 
89
U.S.Navy
4.4.8.1 Borde compacto del hielo (Compacted ice edge [en])
 
90
100N.M.Shakirov, USSR
4.4.8.2 Borde difuso del hielo (Diffuse ice edge [en])
 
91
300USSR
4.4.9.1 Frontera del hielo fijo (Fast ice boundary [en])
 
92
600Armed Forces,Canada
4.4.9.2 Frontera de concentraciones (Concentration boundary [en])
 
93
10Prof. Art Baggeroer, MIT
4.4.11 Zona marginal del hielo (Marginal Ice Zone [en])
 
94
200N.M.Shakirov, USSR
7.1 Fractura (Fracture [en])
 
95
Inst. Low Temperature Science, Japan
7.1 Fractura (Fracture [en])
 
96
600Armed Forces,Canada
7.1.1 Rajadura (Crack [en])
 
97
Defence Research Boat, Canada
7.1.1 Rajadura (Crack [en])
 
98
U.S.Navy
7.1.1.1 Rajadura de marea (Tide crack [en])
 
99
G.Taylor, Gt.Britain
7.1.1.1 Rajadura de marea (Tide crack [en])
 
100
550Armed Forces,Canada
7.1.1.2 Grieta (Flaw [en])
 
101
Antarctic Inst., Argentina
7.1.1.2 Grieta (Flaw [en])
 
102
1800Meteorological Agency, Japan
7.2 Zona de fractura (Fracture zone [en])
 
103
600Armed Forces,Canada
7.3 Canal (Lead [en])
 
104
N.M.Shakirov, USSR
7.3 Canal (Lead [en])
 
105
600Trans-Antarctig Expedition, Gt. Britain
7.3.1 Canal costero (Shore lead [en])
 
106
Defence Research Boat, Canada
7.3.1 Canal costero (Shore lead [en])
 
107
Armed Forces,Canada
7.3.2 Canal grietado (Flaw lead [en])
 
108
V.A.Voevodin, USSR
7.3.2 Canal grietado (Flaw lead [en])
 
109
Defence Research Boat, Canada
7.4.1 Polinia costera (Shore polynya [en])
 
110
U.S.Navy
7.4.2 Polinia grietada (Flaw polynya [en])
 
111
J.S.Fabricius, Denmark
8.1 Hielo plano (Level ice [en])
 
112
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
8.1 Hielo plano (Level ice [en])
 
113
USSR
8.2.1 Hielo sobreescurrido (Rafted ice [en])
 
114
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.2.1 Hielo sobreescurrido (Rafted ice [en])
 
115
USSR
8.2.1.1 Concentración de hielo sobreescurrido (Ice rafting concentration [en])
 
116
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.2.1.1 Concentración de hielo sobreescurrido (Ice rafting concentration [en])
 
117
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.2.2.1 Cordón de hielo nuevo (New ridge [en])
 
118
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.2.2.1 Cordón de hielo nuevo (New ridge [en])
 
119
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.2.2.2 Cordón de hielo afectado por temperie (Weathered ridge [en])
 
120
U.S.Navy
8.2.2.2 Cordón de hielo afectado por temperie (Weathered ridge [en])
 
121
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.2.2.3 Cordón de hielo muy afectado por temperie (Very weathered ridge [en])
 
122
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
8.2.2.3 Cordón de hielo muy afectado por temperie (Very weathered ridge [en])
 
123
U.S.Navy
8.2.2.4 Cordón de hielo viejo (Aged ridge [en])
 
124
U.S.Navy
8.2.2.4 Cordón de hielo viejo (Aged ridge [en])
 
125
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.2.2.6 Hielo acordonado (Ridged ice [en])
 
126
H.G.Ponting, Gt.Britain
8.2.2.6 Hielo acordonado (Ridged ice [en])
 
127
U.S.Navy
8.2.2.6.1 Zona de hielo acordonado (Ridged ice zone [en])
 
128
USSR
8.2.3.1 Concentración de acordonamiento de hielo (Ice ridge concentration [en])
 
129
Meteorological Agency, Japan
8.2.3.1 Concentración de acordonamiento de hielo (Ice ridge concentration [en])
 
130
225A.V.Bushuev, USSR
8.3 Bandejón levantado (Standing floe [en])
 
131
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.3 Bandejón levantado (Standing floe [en])
 
132
U.S.Coast Guard
8.4 Espolón (Ram [en])
 
133
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
8.4 Espolón (Ram [en])
 
134
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.5 Hielo desnudo (Bare ice [en])
 
135
National Film Board, Canada
8.5 Hielo desnudo (Bare ice [en])
 
136
300Armed Forces,Canada
8.6 Hielo nevado (Snow-covered ice [en])
 
137
U.S.Navy
8.6 Hielo nevado (Snow-covered ice [en])
 
138
1000Armed Forces,Canada
8.6.1 Concentración de la cobertura de nieve (Snow cover concentration [en])
 
139
B.Fristrup, Denmark
8.6.1 Concentración de la cobertura de nieve (Snow cover concentration [en])
 
140
300Armed Forces,Canada
8.6.2 Sastrugi (Sastrugi [en])
 
141
H.G.Ponting, Gt.Britain
8.6.2 Sastrugi (Sastrugi [en])
 
142
10V.M.Smolyanitsky, Russia
8.7 Hielo sucio (Dirty ice [en])
 
143
10Matthias Wietz
8.8 Flores congeladas (Frost flowers [en])
 
144
U.S.Navy
9.1 Charco (Puddle [en])
 
145
U.S.Navy
9.1 Charco (Puddle [en])
 
146
M.Dunbar, Canada
9.2 Alveolos de fusión (Thaw holes [en])
 
147
450R.Van Humbeck, Canada
9.2 Alveolos de fusión (Thaw holes [en])
 
148
300N.M.Shakirov, USSR
9.3 Hielo seco (Dried ice [en])
 
149
E.M.Bartashevich, USSR
9.3 Hielo seco (Dried ice [en])
 
150
400U.S.Navy
9.4 Hielo podrido (Rotten ice [en])
 
151
J.S.Fabricius, Denmark
9.4 Hielo podrido (Rotten ice [en])
 
152
200Defence Research Boat, Canada
9.5 Hielo inundado (Flooded ice [en])
 
153
Defence Research Boat, Canada
9.5 Hielo inundado (Flooded ice [en])
 
154
1500H.H.Valeur, Denmark
10.2.1 Glaciar (Glacier [en])
 
155
Defence Research Boat, Canada
10.2.1 Glaciar (Glacier [en])
 
156
R.N.Panzarini, Argentina
10.2.2 Pared de hielo (Ice wall [en])
 
157
Geodetic Institute, Denmark Permit A 298/69
10.2.3 Corriente de hielo (Ice stream [en])
 
158
Geodetic Institute, Denmark Permit A 298/69
10.2.4 Lengua de glaciar (Glacier tongue [en])
 
159
3000U.S.Navy
10.3 Meseta de hielo (Ice shelf [en])
 
160
Antarctic Inst., Argentina
10.3.1 Frente del hielo (Ice front [en])
 
161
U.S.Coast Guard
10.3.1 Frente del hielo (Ice front [en])
 
162
U.S.Coast Guard
10.4.2 Témpano (Iceberg [en])
 
163
National Inst. Of Oceanography, Gt.Britain
10.4.2 Témpano (Iceberg [en])
 
164
U.S.Navy
10.4.2.2 Témpano tabular (Tabular berg [en])
 
165
R.N.Panzarini, Argentina
10.4.2.2 Témpano tabular (Tabular berg [en])
 
166
1000J.A.Weaver,Canada
10.4.2.3 Lengua de témpano (Iceberg tongue [en])
 
167
6000Armed Forces,Canada
10.4.3 Isla de hielo (Ice island [en])
 
168
R.H.W.Hill, Canada
10.4.3 Isla de hielo (Ice island [en])
 
169
300R.H.W.Hill, Canada
10.4.3 Isla de hielo (Ice island [en])
 
170
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
10.4.3 Isla de hielo (Ice island [en])
 
171
160Kenting Aviation, Canada
10.4.4 Tempanito (Bergy bit [en])
 
172
U.S.Coast Guard
10.4.4 Tempanito (Bergy bit [en])
 
173
U.S.Coast Guard
10.4.5 Gruñon (Growler [en])
 
174
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
10.4.5 Gruñon (Growler [en])
 
175
Defence Research Boat, Canada
11.1 Cielo de agua (Water sky [en])
 
176
Y.Y.Gakkel, USSR
11.2 Resplandor del hielo (Ice blink [en])
 
177
200H.H.Valeur, Denmark
11.3 Humo de mar (Frost smoke [en])
 
178
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
11.3 Humo de mar (Frost smoke [en])
 
179
100Air Force, Finland
12.1 Bloqueado/atrapado (Beset [en])
 
180
550Armed Forces,Canada
12.2 Cercado por el hielo (Ice-bound [en])
 
181
U.S.Navy
12.7 Area de debilidad (Area of weakness [en])
 
182
U.S.Navy
13.4 Fondo de hielo (Bummock [en])