WMO SEA-ICE NOMENCLATURE


ILLUSTRATED GLOSSARY - VOLUME II
WMO/OMM/ВМО - No.259 • Edition 1970 - 2017
Ice terms arranged by subject

1
0A.Tyuryakov, Russia, AARI
1.1.2 Drift ice / pack ice
 
2
0Russia, AARI
1.2 Ice of land origin
 
3
T.Suzuki, Japan
2.1.1 Frazil ice
 
4
600N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.1.2 Grease ice
 
5
T.C.Pullen,Canada
2.1.2 Grease ice
 
6
100Yurij Gavrilov, Russia, AARI, Russian Antarctic Expedition
2.1.2 Grease ice
 
7
600N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.1.3 Slush
 
8
K.S.Simpson,Canada
2.1.3 Slush
 
9
600Armed Forces,Canada
2.1.4 Shuga
 
10
J.A.Weaver,Canada
2.1.4 Shuga
 
11
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
2.2.3 Ice rind
 
12
T.Armstrong, Gt.Britain
2.2.3 Ice rind
 
13
750Armed Forces,Canada
2.4.1 Grey ice
 
14
Defence Research Boat, Canada
2.4.1 Grey ice
 
15
300A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.4.2 Grey-white ice
 
16
Defence Research Boat, Canada
2.4.2 Grey-white ice
 
17
750Armed Forces,Canada
2.5.1 Thin first-year ice / white ice
 
18
Defence Research Boat, Canada
2.5.1 Thin first-year ice / white ice
 
19
1350Armed Forces,Canada
2.5.2 Medium first-year ice
 
20
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.5.2 Medium first-year ice
 
21
400V.S.Loshchilov, USSR
2.5.3 Thick first-year ice
 
22
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.5.3 Thick first-year ice
 
23
10000N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.6.2 Second-year ice
 
24
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.6.2 Second-year ice
 
25
300R.H.W.Hill, Canada
2.6.2 Second-year ice
 
26
600Armed Forces,Canada
2.6.3 Multi-year ice
 
27
2000N.M.Shakirov, USSR
2.6.3 Multi-year ice
 
28
A.V.Bushuev, USSR
2.6.3 Multi-year ice
 
29
1500Armed Forces,Canada
3.1 Fast ice
 
30
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
3.1 Fast ice
 
31
150U.S.Navy
3.1.1 Young coastal ice
 
32
1000Meteorological Agency, Japan
3.1.1 Young coastal ice
 
33
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
3.2 Icefoot
 
34
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
3.2 Icefoot
 
35
R.H.W.Hill, Canada
3.3 Anchor ice
 
36
100Defence Research Boat, Canada
3.4 Grounded ice
 
37
Armed Forces,Canada
3.4 Grounded ice
 
38
Hydrographic Service, Canada
3.4.1 Stranded ice
 
39
500Hydrometeorological Inst., USSR
3.4.2 Grounded hummock
 
40
USSR
3.4.2 Grounded hummock
 
41
500Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.1 Compact ice
 
42
Meteorological Agency, Japan
4.2.1 Compact ice
 
43
200Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.1.1 Consolidated ice
 
44
J.F.Hurley, Gt.Britain
4.2.1.1 Consolidated ice
 
45
1000Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.2 Very close ice
 
46
Hamburg, Germany (fed. Rep)
4.2.2 Very close ice
 
47
300USSR
4.2.3 Close ice
 
48
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
4.2.3 Close ice
 
49
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.2.4 Open ice
 
50
B.Rodhe, Sweden
4.2.4 Open ice
 
51
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.2.5 Very open ice
 
52
F.Krugler, Germany (Fed. Rep)
4.2.5 Very open ice
 
53
600Armed Forces,Canada
4.2.6 Open water
 
54
600Hydrometeorological Inst., USSR
4.2.7 Bergy water
 
55
Inst. Low Temperature Science, Japan
4.3.1 Pancake ice
 
56
Antarctic Inst., Argentina
4.3.1 Pancake ice
 
57
600ARmed Forces,Canada
4.3.4 Floeberg
 
58
Defence Research Boat, Canada
4.3.4 Floeberg
 
59
600N.M.Shakirov, USSR
4.3.6 Brash ice
 
60
Meteorological Agency, Japan
4.3.6 Brash ice
 
61
1800Hakodate Marine Observatory(JMA), Japan
4.4.1 Ice field
 
62
1800H.H.Valeur, Denmark
4.4.1.4 Ice patch
 
63
500Air Force, Finland
4.4.3 Belt
 
64
Hamburg, Germany (fed. Rep)
4.4.3 Belt
 
65
300Armed Forces,Canada
4.4.5 Strip
 
66
R.N.Panzarini, Argentina
4.4.5 Strip
 
67
300Armed Forces,Canada
4.4.7 Ice jam
 
68
500G.Tauber, USSR
4.4.8.1 Compacted ice edge
 
69
U.S.Navy
4.4.8.1 Compacted ice edge
 
70
100N.M.Shakirov, USSR
4.4.8.2 Diffuse ice edge
 
71
300USSR
4.4.9.1 Fast ice boundary
 
72
600Armed Forces,Canada
4.4.9.2 Concentration boundary
 
73
10Prof. Art Baggeroer, MIT
4.4.11 Marginal Ice Zone
 
74
200N.M.Shakirov, USSR
7.1 Fracture
 
75
Inst. Low Temperature Science, Japan
7.1 Fracture
 
76
600Armed Forces,Canada
7.1.1 Crack
 
77
Defence Research Boat, Canada
7.1.1 Crack
 
78
U.S.Navy
7.1.1.1 Tide crack
 
79
G.Taylor, Gt.Britain
7.1.1.1 Tide crack
 
80
550Armed Forces,Canada
7.1.1.2 Flaw
 
81
Antarctic Inst., Argentina
7.1.1.2 Flaw
 
82
600Armed Forces,Canada
7.3 Lead
 
83
N.M.Shakirov, USSR
7.3 Lead
 
84
600Trans-Antarctig Expedition, Gt. Britain
7.3.1 Shore lead
 
85
Defence Research Boat, Canada
7.3.1 Shore lead
 
86
Armed Forces,Canada
7.3.2 Flaw lead
 
87
V.A.Voevodin, USSR
7.3.2 Flaw lead
 
88
Defence Research Boat, Canada
7.4.1 Shore polynya
 
89
U.S.Navy
7.4.2 Flaw polynya
 
90
J.S.Fabricius, Denmark
8.1 Level ice
 
91
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
8.1 Level ice
 
92
USSR
8.2.1 Rafted ice
 
93
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.2.1 Rafted ice
 
94
USSR
8.2.1.1 Ice rafting concentration
 
95
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.2.1.1 Ice rafting concentration
 
96
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.2.2.6 Ridged ice
 
97
H.G.Ponting, Gt.Britain
8.2.2.6 Ridged ice
 
98
U.S.Navy
8.2.2.6.1 Ridged ice zone
 
99
USSR
8.2.3.1 Ice ridge concentration
 
100
Meteorological Agency, Japan
8.2.3.1 Ice ridge concentration
 
101
225A.V.Bushuev, USSR
8.3 Standing floe
 
102
Defence Research Boat, Canada
8.3 Standing floe
 
103
U.S.Coast Guard
8.4 Ram
 
104
H.H.Valeur, Denmark
8.4 Ram
 
105
600Armed Forces,Canada
8.5 Bare ice
 
106
National Film Board, Canada
8.5 Bare ice
 
107
300Armed Forces,Canada
8.6 Snow-covered ice
 
108
U.S.Navy
8.6 Snow-covered ice
 
109
1000Armed Forces,Canada
8.6.1 Snow cover concentration
 
110
B.Fristrup, Denmark
8.6.1 Snow cover concentration
 
111
300Armed Forces,Canada
8.6.2 Sastrugi
 
112
H.G.Ponting, Gt.Britain
8.6.2 Sastrugi
 
113
10V.M.Smolyanitsky, Russia
8.7 Dirty ice
 
114
10Matthias Wietz
8.8 Frost flowers
 
115
U.S.Navy
9.1 Puddle
 
116
U.S.Navy
9.1 Puddle
 
117
M.Dunbar, Canada
9.2 Thaw holes
 
118
450R.Van Humbeck, Canada
9.2 Thaw holes
 
119
300N.M.Shakirov, USSR
9.3 Dried ice
 
120
E.M.Bartashevich, USSR
9.3 Dried ice
 
121
400U.S.Navy
9.4 Rotten ice
 
122
J.S.Fabricius, Denmark
9.4 Rotten ice
 
123
200Defence Research Boat, Canada
9.5 Flooded ice
 
124
Defence Research Boat, Canada
9.5 Flooded ice
 
125
1500H.H.Valeur, Denmark
10.2.1 Glacier
 
126
Defence Research Boat, Canada
10.2.1 Glacier
 
127
R.N.Panzarini, Argentina
10.2.2 Ice wall
 
128
Geodetic Institute, Denmark Permit A 298/69
10.2.3 Ice stream
 
129
3000U.S.Navy
10.3 Ice shelf
 
130
U.S.Coast Guard
10.4.2 Iceberg
 
131
National Inst. Of Oceanography, Gt.Britain
10.4.2 Iceberg
 
132
U.S.Navy
10.4.2.2 Tabular berg
 
133
R.N.Panzarini, Argentina
10.4.2.2 Tabular berg
 
134
1000J.A.Weaver,Canada
10.4.2.3 Iceberg tongue
 
135
6000Armed Forces,Canada
10.4.3 Ice island
 
136
R.H.W.Hill, Canada
10.4.3 Ice island
 
137
300R.H.W.Hill, Canada
10.4.3 Ice island
 
138
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
10.4.3 Ice island
 
139
160Kenting Aviation, Canada
10.4.4 Bergy bit
 
140
U.S.Coast Guard
10.4.4 Bergy bit
 
141
U.S.Coast Guard
10.4.5 Growler
 
142
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
10.4.5 Growler
 
143
Defence Research Boat, Canada
11.1 Water sky
 
144
Y.Y.Gakkel, USSR
11.2 Ice blink
 
145
200H.H.Valeur, Denmark
11.3 Frost smoke
 
146
R.Van Humbeck, Canada
11.3 Frost smoke
 
147
100Air Force, Finland
12.1 Beset
 
148
550Armed Forces,Canada
12.2 Ice-bound